Posted:December 4, 2019

KBpedia Continues Quality Improvements

KBpediaVersion 2.20 of the Knowledge Graph Now Prepped for Release on Public Repositories

Fred Giasson and I, as co-editors, are pleased to announce today the release of version 2.20 of the open-source KBpedia system. KBpedia is a knowledge graph that provides an overlay for interoperating and conducting machine learning across its constituent public knowledge bases of Wikipedia, Wikidata,, DBpedia, GeoNames, and OpenCyc. KBpedia contains more than 53,000 reference concepts and their mappings to these knowledge bases, structured into a logically consistent knowledge graph that may be reasoned over and manipulated. KBpedia acts as a computable scaffolding over these broad knowledge bases.

We are preparing to register KBpedia on many public repository sites, and we wanted to make sure quality was a high as possible as we begin this process. Since KBpedia is a system built from many constituent knowledge bases, duplicates and inconsistencies can arise when combining them. The rationale for this release was to conduct a comprehensive manual review to identify and remove most of these issues.

We made about 10,000 changes in this newest release. The major changes we made to KBpedia resulting from this inspection include:

  • Removal of about 2,000 reference concepts (RCs) and their mappings and definitions pertaining to individual plant and animal species, which was an imbalance in relation to the other generic RCs in the system;
  • Manual inspection and fixes to the 70 or so typologies (for instance, Animals or Facilities) that are used to cluster the RCs into logical groupings;
  • Removal of references to UMBEL, one of KBpedia’s earlier constituent knowledge bases, due to retirement of the UMBEL system;
  • Fixes due to user comments and suggestions since the prior release of version 2.10 in April 2019; and
  • Adding some select new RCs in order to improve the connectivity and fill gaps with the earlier version.

Without a doubt this is now the cleanest and highest quality release for the knowledge graph. We are now in position to extend the system to new mappings, which will be the focus of future releases. (Expect the next after the first of the year.) The number and structure of KBpedia’s typologies remain unchanged from prior versions. The number of RCs now stands at 53,465, smaller than the 55,301 reference concepts in the prior version.

Besides combining the six major public knowledge bases of Wikipedia, Wikidata,, DBpedia, GeoNames, and OpenCyc, KBpedia includes mappings to more than a score of additional leading vocabularies. The entire KBpedia structure is computable, meaning it can be reasoned over and logically sliced-and-diced to produce training sets and reference standards for machine learning and data interoperability. KBpedia provides a coherent overlay for retrieving and organizing Wikipedia or Wikidata content. KBpedia greatly reduces the time and effort traditionally required for knowledge-based artificial intelligence (KBAI) tasks. KBpedia was first released in October 2016 with some open source aspects, and was made fully open in 2018. KBpedia is sponsored by Cognonto Corporation.

The KBpedia Web site provides a working KBpedia explorer and demo of how the system may be applied to local content for tagging or analysis. KBpedia splits between entities and concepts, on the one hand, and splits in predicates (or relations) based on attributes, external relations, and pointers or indexes, all informed by Charles Peirce‘s prescient theories of knowledge representation. Mappings to all external sources are provided in the linkages to the external resources file in the KBpedia downloads. (A larger inferred version is also available.) The external sources keep their own record files. KBpedia distributions provide the links. However, you can access these entities through the KBpedia explorer on the project’s Web site (see these entity examples for cameras, cakes, and canyons; clicking on any of the individual entity links will bring up the full instance record. Such reachthroughs are straightforward to construct.) See further the Github site for further downloads. All resources are available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license. Markup

KBpedia Continues Quality Improvements

Version 2.20 of the Knowledge Graph Now Prepped for Release on Public Repositories



Version 2.20 of the open source KBpedia knowledge graph was released today. KBpedia greatly reduces the effort required for KBAI (knowledge-based artificial intelligence) tasks.

see above


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